In recent years, marijuana has gained more social acceptance as states legalize its use.Currently, 33 states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana in some form, and 10 states have fully legalized marijuana for recreational use.
Great news, right? Not so fast. Unfortunately, a common misconception about marijuana exists: “Marijuana is not addictive or harmful.”
The sad truth is—Yes, marijuana can be addictive. People can develop a dependency on it…a dependency that interferes with their health, finances, and relationships.
This misconception particularly affects, and has long-term implications for, teens and young adults. According to research cited by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), marijuana use is especially widespread among young people. In a 2015 survey, more than 11 million people 18-25 said they used marijuana in the past year.
More young people think marijuana is risk-free than ever before. While marijuana has shown medical benefit for many people (e.g. cancer patients), it is a type of drug when smoked or consumed. A drug that can have problematic effects, both short- and long-term.
Negative Effects of Marijuana
Short-term effects on the brain include heightened mood, changes in mood, altered senses, impaired body movement, issues with problem-solving, and impaired memory. In high doses, marijuana can cause hallucinations, delusions,and even psychosis.
Physical short-term effects include an increased heart rate for up to three hours after using it, which increases the chance of heart attack.
The long-term effects of marijuana can become quite serious, especially for those who start using it young. For example, the drug actually affects brain development over time. According to NIDA,
“When people begin using marijuana as teenagers, the drug may impair thinking, memory, and learning functions and affect how the brain builds connections between the areas necessary for these functions. Researchers are still studying how long marijuana’s effects last and whether some changes may be permanent.”-National Institute on Drug Abuse
Long-term marijuana users lose mental abilities…abilities that don’t completely return if the person quits using marijuana as an adult. No surprise regular marijuana users often show poor academic performance.
Worse, using marijuana long-term has been linked to mental health issues,including depression, temporary paranoia, and exacerbation of pre-existing mental illness such as schizophrenia.
Physical long-term effects include breathing problems similar to those cigarette smokers experience: a daily cough, higher incidence of lung infections, and more frequent lung illnesses.
But is marijuana actually addictive?
Yes, it can be. The use of marijuana may lead to substance use disorder (SUD), in which a person can’t stop using a substance even when it’s causing problems in multiple areas of their life.
In a study entitled “Prevalence of Marijuana Use Disorders in the United States Between 2001-2002 and 2012-2013,” the authors noted that 9-30% of marijuana users might develop some degree of marijuana use disorder. Those who start using marijuana before age 18 are 4-7 times more likely than adults to develop marijuana use disorder.
People who are heavy marijuana users, or who use long-term, report mild withdrawal symptoms when trying to quit, such as problems sleeping, decreased appetite, grouchiness, anxiety, and cravings.
I’m trying to quit, but can’t. What should I do?
Behavioral interventions and support for marijuana addiction have shown effectiveness. There are support groups for those who think they may have a problem with marijuana too. Drug treatment programs generally treat marijuana use disorder, including residential, day and outpatient programs.
Learn More about Marijuana Before You Smoke It
Marijuana Anonymous is an international self-help group. You can find information and links to local meetings here: https://www.marijuana-anonymous.org/
If you’re interested in a treatment program that will help you address issues with marijuana, please call Support Systems Homes at 408-370-9688 to speak with our intake staff.